The reconstitution of the T CD8 lymphocyte population in patients subject to hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) depends largely of homeostatic peripheral expansion (HPE) of the T CD8 lymphocytes that were not eliminated during the pre-transplant conditioning regimen or the ones that are contained in the transplanted cells. In order to have an efficient HPE, MHC-I molecules, IL-7 and IL-15 are required. Evidences obtained in our lab indicate that the low and/or heterogeneous MHC-I levels of expression correlate with a inefficient reconstitution of T CD8 lymphocytes in patients that received allogeneic HCT. The deficiency in MHC-I expression could be due to a decrease in the expression of the NLRP12 protein, which has been proposed as a positive regulator of classical and non-classical MHC-I molecules expression. Therefore the objective of the following project is to determine the involvement of NALP12 in the MHC-I expression in monocytes from patients subject to HCT. We studied a cohort of 11 patients, 6 of which received autologous transplant and 5 with allogeneic transplant. Most of the patients present normal levels of T CD8 lymphocytes and a homogeneous expression of MHC-I. The patients that received autologous transplantation show a correlation of r=0.56. Our results suggest that NALP12 could act as an enhancer for the expression of the MHC-I molecules and that this expression could be affected in patients subject to allogeneic HPC transplantation.
- Copyright © 2013 by The American Association of Immunologists, Inc.