Eosinophils comprise only 1-3% of circulating leukocytes but are often a diagnostic feature associated with a variety of inflammatory and disease states, including parasitic and fungal infections, allergic diseases (e.g., asthma, rhinitis and sensitivities to specific foods), cancer, and transplant rejection. The accurate evaluations of eosinophilia as well as the release of stored eosinophil granule proteins are important for the monitoring disease progression and/or assessing the effectiveness of a given treatment strategy(ies). Despite the availability of detection methods for each of the eosinophil granule proteins logistical difficulties limiting either the assays specificity and/or sensitivity have prevented their extensive use. We have generated unique eosinophil peroxidase specific monoclonal antibodies (EPX-mAb) and a high throughput sandwich ELISA assay as a means of overcoming these difficulties. Our EPX-mAb based ELISA is ~10 times more sensitive than traditional OPD based activity assays and allows detection of EPX in mouse BAL fluid after an acute OVA protocol as well as EPX release from mouse eosinophils stimulated ex vivo. The assay is highly specific and gives no signal in samples from EPX deficient mice even with massive eosinophilia (e.g., EPX deficient IL-5 transgenic mice). More significantly, this assay detects EPX in human tissue extracts and biological fluids and thus represents novel diagnostic assay previously unavailable in clinical settings.
- Copyright © 2011 by The American Association of Immunologists, Inc.