Previous investigations have demonstrated that CTL may play an important role in suppressing the disease progression of HIV infection. In this study, we inoculated mice with IL-12 expression plasmid together with plasmid-encoding HIV-1 envelope to enhance CTL activity by activating a Th1-type response. The results of delayed-type hypersensitivity using the footpad swelling response and of CTL activity clearly showed that HIV-1-specific cell-mediated immunity was enhanced by inoculation of the IL-12 expression plasmid. Quantitation of cytokine in the sera of IL-12-inoculated mice revealed that IFN-gamma significantly increased. The enhanced cell-mediated immunity responses were abrogated by combined administration of the IL-12 expression plasmid and neutralizing anti-IFN-gamma Ab. Together, these results suggest that enhanced virus-specific cell-mediated immunity occurred via an endogenously produced IFN-gamma by inoculation of IL-12 expression plasmid.
- Copyright © 1997 by American Association of Immunologists