Cyclosporin (Cs)A but not CsH inhibits activation of human lymphocytes. We studied the effects of CsA, CsD, and CsH on human neutrophil activation induced by chemoattractants and by various substances that circumvent receptor stimulation. CsH inhibited superoxide (O2-) formation induced by the chemotactic peptide, FMLP (30 nM), with a half-maximal effect at 40 nM. O2- formation was abolished by CsH at 1 microM. CsH increased the concentration of FMLP causing half-maximal activation of O2- formation from 30 nM to 0.8 microM and substantially reduced the stimulatory effect of FMLP at supra-maximally effective concentrations. The inhibitory effect of CsH on O2- formation was evident immediately after addition to neutrophils. CsH also markedly inhibited the increase in cytosolic Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i), beta-glucuronidase, and lysozyme release and aggregation stimulated by FMLP. CsA and CsD were considerably less effective than CsH to inhibit FMLP-induced O2- formation. CsA and CsD were without effect on exocytosis, rises in [Ca2+]i, and aggregation induced by the chemotactic peptide. Cyclosporines inhibited FMLP-induced O2- formation in an additive manner, indicating that they acted through a mechanism they had in common. Cyclosporines only slightly inhibited O2- formation and lysozyme release induced by C5a. Aggregation and rises in [Ca2+]i stimulated by C5a were not affected by cyclosporines, and they did not inhibit O2- formation and exocytosis induced by platelet-activating factor and leukotriene B4. Cyclosporines partially inhibited O2- formations induced by NaF and gamma-hexachlorocyclohexane. CsA marginally inhibited PMA-induced O2- formation and lysozyme release. CsA, CsD, and CsH did not inhibit arachidonic acid-induced O2- formation and its potentiation by NaF or stable guanine nucleotides in a cell-free system from DMSO-differentiated HL-60 cells. CsH partially inhibited binding of FML [3H]P to formyl peptide receptors in membranes from DMSO- or dibutyryl cAMP-differentiated HL-60 cells. Our data show that: 1) cyclosporines differentially inhibit activation of human neutrophils; and 2) CsH is, indeed, not immunologically inactive but is a potent and effective inhibitor of FMLP-induced O2- formation. 3) CsH interferes with agonist binding to formyl peptide receptors and in addition, cyclosporines may also act at sites distal to chemoattractant receptors.
- Copyright © 1991 by American Association of Immunologists