A cDNA clone encoding the human lymphocyte differentiation Ag CD38 was isolated from a mixture of four different lymphocyte CDNA libraries expressed transiently in COS cells and screened by panning with mAb. Transfected COS cells expressed a surface protein of Mr 46,000 that was similar to the native CD38 molecule expressed on the B cell line Daudi and the T cell leukemia HPB-ALL and which was recognized by each of the CD38 specific mAb HIT-2, T16, T168, HB7, 5D2, ICO-18, and ICO-20. The CD38 cDNA sequence predicts an unusual 30-kDa polypeptide with a short N-terminal cytoplasmic tail, and a carboxyl-terminal extracellular domain carrying the four potential N-linked glycosylation sites. The absence of significant homology with other known surface Ag including members of the Ig superfamily ruled out the possibility that CD38 was the human homologue of the murine Qa2 molecule as has been suggested previously. PvuII digests of human genomic DNA revealed a polymorphism linked to the CD38 gene.
- Copyright © 1990 by American Association of Immunologists